Association study of renin-angiotensin system genes and hemostasis system genes with ischemic stroke among Russians of Central Russia.
The analysis of alleles and genotypes frequencies of 14 SNP in genes of rennin-angiotensin system (REN, AGT, AGTR1, AGTR2, BKR2, ADRB2) and hemostasis system (FGB, F2, F5, F7, ITGB3, SERPINE1, MTHFR), as well as ACE insertion-deletion polymorphism in patients with stroke comparing to healthy controls matched by age, sex and ethnicity has been carried out. The genotyping procedure included the amplification of selected gene sequences following by hybridization of fluorescently labeled fragments with SNP-specific DNA probes. The analysis of allele frequencies of each gene separately revealed no statistically significant differences between groups of patients with stroke and healthy donors. Also the complex study has been performed to estimate the contribution of rennin-angiotensin system and hemostasis system genes to the genetic susceptibility to ischemic stroke among Russians from Central Russia using method MDR (Multifactor Dimensionality Reduction). The combination with increased risk for development of ischemic stroke was presented by complex genotype FGB G/- x ACE I/- x MTHFR C/- x SERPINE1 5G/5G (p = 0.03, OR = 2.4, 95% CI 1.1-5.3), which frequency was statistically significant higher in patients with stroke compared to healthy control.